Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test [AP EAMCET]

AP EAMCET 2018

Exam Date : 24th April 2018 To 27th April 2018
Result Date : 5th May 2018

Home > AP EAMCET

Application form, Dates, Syllabus, and Pattern for AP EAMCET 2018

About AP EAMCET 2018 Examination:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Kakinada(JNTUK) conducts Andhra Pradesh Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test (AP EAMCET) on behalf of Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education (APSCHE). 
  • AP EAMCET 2018 is compulsory for admission into various professional courses offered in University/ Private Colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The AP EAMCET is a national level examination.
  • AP EAMCET provides admission to the candidates who have cleared the AP EAMCET only in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The AP EAMCET 2018  is offered in Telegu, English, and Urdu.
  • The AP EAMCET 2018  is conducted for entrance into Engineering, Medical, and Agricultural courses.
  • The AP EAMCET examination is managed by Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University in Hyderabad.
  • There are 16 participating colleges and eligible candidates can apply for the exam by filling the AP EAMCET 2018 Application Form.
  • Application form for AP EAMCET 2018 will be available from February 2018 onwards for the eligible candidates.
  • The AP EAMCET Counselling date can be found on AP EAMCET Important Dates.
  • There are two papers. Paper I is for Engineering and Paper II Agriculture Stream.The exam is an MCQ based exam. Paper can be attempted in two languages - English or Telugu depending on candidate's convenience. There is no negative mark.
  • The syllabus provides engineering and architecture aspirants with a topic-wise breakup of each section - Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and Biological Science. The syllabus consists of topics from the 10+2 level examinations. Get more information on AP EAMCET Syllabus and AP EAMCET Exam Pattern here!
  • Based on last year's database, there is the total of 1,53,150 seats available totally.

List of courses available under AP EAMCET 2018:

Name of the courses available under AP EAMCET

Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Agricultural Engineering

Automobile Engineering

B. Pharmacy (M.P.C. Stream)

Bio-Medical Engineering

Bio-Technology

Chemical (Ceramic) Technology

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Petro Engineering

Civil Engineering

Civil Environmental Engineering

Commercial Agricultural And Business Management

Computer Science And Engineering

Computer Science And Information Technology

Computer Science And Systems Engineering

Dairying

Electrical And Electronics Engineering

Electronics And Communication Engineering

Electronics And Computer Engineering

Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering

Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering

Electronics Engineering

Food Science

Geo-Informatics

Information Technology

Instrumentation Engineering And Technology

Mechanical Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgy And Material Engineering

Mining Engineering

Naval Architecture And Marine Engineering

Petroleum Engineering And Technology

Pharm - D (M.P.C. Stream)

Power Engineering

Textile Technology

Details regarding AP EAMCET 2018: 

Exam Name

Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test

Commonly Abbreviated as

AP EAMCET

Type

State Level (For Admission only in Andhra Pradesh)

Courses

Engineeringand Agricultural

Language

Telugu, English and Urdu

Managed By

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad

No. of Colleges participating

14

AP EAMCET 2018 Dates:

  • AP EAMCET 2018 application form will be available from 9th February 2018.
  • From 19th April 2018 candidates can download the AP EAMCET 2018 Admit card.
  • From 24th April 2018 the AP EAMCET 2018 Examination will be commenced.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 Results will be announced on 5th May 2018.  

AP EAMCET 2018 Eligibility:

  • Candidates must satisfy the eligibility criteria to apply for AP EAMCET 2018 Examination.
  • Candidates must belong to the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The eligibility for each course differs and are detailed in the eligibility section.

AP EAMCET 2018 Application Form:

  • AP EAMCET 2018 Registration form will be available online.
  • Candidates who satisfy the eligibility criteria can register for AP EAMCET 2018. 
  • Application form for AP EAMCET 2018 will be available from 9th February 2018 onwards. 
  • The eligible candidates have to fill in the application form and pay the exam fees through the various online modes of payment.
  • The candidate can save a printout of the completed application form for the future purpose.

AP EAMCET 2018 Exam pattern:

  • The exam pattern of AP EAMCET is an MCQ based exam which is made a computer-based examination from 2018.
  • Paper can be attempted in two languages - English or Telugu depending on student's convenience. There is no negative mark.
  • The syllabus for all the courses is available on the official exam website.
  • Total 160 questions divided into 3 sections of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and for agriculture exams, it will be divided into 4 sections.

AP EAMCET 2018 Syllabus:

  • AP EAMCET 2018 engineering examination syllabus is divided among Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
  • Agriculture examination paper is divided among Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 syllabus will be from 11th and 12th standard university.
  • Candidates can make use of AP EAMCET 2018 Syllabus PDF file for preparations.

AP EAMCET 2018 Results:

  • The results of the AP EAMCET is announced on the official website.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 results will be declared on 5th May 2018.  
  • The candidates can access their rank card  (i.e scorecard ) on the link provided on the website.
  • The rank card can be saved or downloaded for the future purpose.

A Graph of Number of Students Registered, Appeared & Qualified for AP EAMCET 2017:

The AP EAMCET Exam conducted in the year 2017 had 198064 and 80735 students who registered for the exam in Engineering and Agriculture respectively, out of which 187484 and 75489 students appeared for the exam in Engineering and Agriculture respectively and 123974 and 55288 students qualified for the exam in Engineering and Agriculture respectively. The pass percentage for Engineering and Agriculture was 78.74% and 85.28% respectively.

AP EAMCET Counselling 2018:

  • The result of AP EAMCET 2018 will announced on 5th May 2018.
  • The AP EAMCET Counselling 2018 will start from 1st June 2018.
  • The eligible candidates of AP EAMCET 2018 can download their seat allotment letter by using their candidate' login.
  • AP EAMCET Final Counselling 2018: The final counseling for AP EAMCET 2018 is scheduled on 1st June 2018.
  • Candidates who didn't attend the certificate verification process must complete their certificate verification process as per the schedule from any Help Line Centres (HLC) Internet facility.
  • AP EAMCET BIPC Counseling 2018: Candidates who are qualified on AP EAMCET 2018 (BI.P.C Stream) should check their Counseling Dates Rank Wise, Certification verification, web option and seat allotment details from he official website.
  • Candidates who are qualified to attend the AP EAMCET BIPC Counseling 2018 have to visit official website before the certificate verification process from any Help Line Centres (HLC).
  • AP EAMCET Rank Card 2018: The AP EAMCET Rank Card 2018 will be released after the results of AP EAMCET 2018 gets declared. The Rank card is necessary at the time of certificate verification and AP EAMCET Counseling 2018. Without the AP EAMCET, Rank Card candidates are not allowed to participate in the counselling process.
  • AP EAMCET Seat Allotment Order 2018: The AP EAMCET Seat allotment order is the official invite to the qualified candidates of AP EAMCET to take participate in the certificate verification process and in AP EAMCET Counseling 2018. 

 AP EAMCET Reservation Criteria :

  • AP EAMCET 2018 makes sure that a certain amount of seats are reserved for the candidates who belong to the underprivileged section.
  • 1% seat is reserved in AP EAMCET for NCC candidates.
  • Candidates will get the reservation of 0.5% in sports quota under games category.
  • Reservation of 33% is provided for Female candidates irrespective of the category or section.
  • Candidates who belong to the Scheduled Caste (SC) division will be provided with a reservation of 6% in the non-minority institutes.
  • Candidates who belong to the Scheduled Tribes (ST) will be provided with a reservation of 15% in professional unaided non-minority institutes.
  • Candidates who belong to the Other Backward Class (OBC) will be provided reservation of 25%.
  • Candidates who belong to the Physically Handicapped (PH) category with hearing, visual and orthopedic disabilities will be provided with a 3% reservation in ST, SC, and OBC categories.
  • The AP EAMCET reservation of seats of 2% is applicable for the candidates whose parent will be working under BSF, CRPF and staying in Andhra Pradesh at least from last 5 years or is an Ex-servicemen.

Reservation:

 

  • 1/3rd of the seats from each category and course are reserved for women. (Category includes : OC/ SC/ ST/ BC/ CAP/ NCC/ SP/ PH).
  • This reservation shall not be applicable if women candidates are selected on merit in each category.

 

Contact Details for AP EAMCET Board:

Any individual who wishes to get in touch with the conducting body for any kind of doubts or clarifications can use the following means:

Address: The Regional Co-Ordinator of EAMCET, Examination Building, Ground Floor, JNT University, Hyderabad - Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500085
Official website: http://www.sche.ap.gov.in/eamcet/Eamcet/EAMCET_HomePage.aspx 
EAMCET 2018 Helpline: 040 23399298
E-mail: jntufastupdates@gmail.com / jntukfastupdates@gmail.com

AP EAMCET 2018 NEWS:

  • AP EAMCET college wise allotment list will be out at the official website.
  • Candidates can download AP EAMCET Rank card from the official website.
  • From 2018 single exam for engineering and architecture across India: Govt.
  • Government confirms AP EAMCET to become online from next year.

AP EAMCET 2018 Important Dates

AP EAMCET 2018 Important Dates:

  • AP EAMCET 2018 registration process begins from 9th February 2018.
  • Last date to fill the AP EAMCET 2018 registration form 21st March 2018.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 Mock Test will be held on February 15th.
  • The AP EAMCET application forms can be corrected latest by April 2018 and the forms must be submitted by May 2018.
  • The AP EAMCET exam will also be held in the month of May 2018.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 Admit card will be available from 19th April 2018
  • However, the AP EAMCET results will be out in the month of June 2018.
  • The Counselling Process for AP EAMCET will also take place in the month of June 2018.

AP EAMCET 2018 Eligibility

AP EAMCET 2018 Eligibility Criteria:

  • Candidates are requested to follow the obligatory norms before applying for the exam and they should also check whether they fall under the pre-set terms and conditions.
  • Eligibility criteria for B.Tech, Pharmacy, and B.Sc: Candidates should be either Indian Citizens, Persons of Indian Origin or NRIs.
  • Candidates should satisfy all the local and non-local status requirements laid down by the Andhra Pradesh Education Institutions.
  • Candidates must have passed 12th standard with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as the subjects.
  • The General category students should secure a minimum of 45% in 12th for PCB/PCM and for SC candidates it is 40%.
  • The applicants should have completed 16 years of age as on 31st December for Engineering.
  • Whereas, for B.Tech in Dairy Technology/Ag.Engineering/FST/CA & BM, the minimum age requirement is 17 years and the maximum age requirement is 22 years.
  • For SC/ST the upper age limit is 25 years.
  • Eligibility criteria for BAMS/BHMS/b: Candidates should have passed 12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biotechnology, and English as their subjects.
  • The lower age limit is 17 years as on 31st December of the admission year. There is no upper age limit.
  • Candidates should have cleared 12th standard examination or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English as their core subjects.

AP EAMCET 2018 Application Process

AP EAMCET 2018 Application Process:

  • Candidates must visit the Official Website of AP EAMCET
  • Fill in the Application Form.
  • The AP EAMCET Application Form Fees can be paid online using AP online/TS online/debit card.
  • A scanned photograph and signature must be uploaded.
  • The applicants must take the print of application form for reference.
  • The documents required for the application process are caste certificate for SC/ST/BC category, PH/NCC/Sports Certificates, Income certificate and Resident/Study certificate.
  • Visit the official website of AP EAMCET and login using the transaction ID they have been provided after the transaction.
  • Verify all the details carefully
  • click on “SUBMIT” Button.

AP EAMCET 2018 Application Form Details

AP EAMCET 2018 Application Form:

  • The AP EAMCET application process will commence from 9th February 2018.
  • AP EAMCET application process ends on 21st March 2018.  
  • The Application Form fee for candidates appearing for AP EAMCET 2018 Engineering exam is INR 450.
  • The registration fee for Agriculture exam, it is INR 450.
  • Candidates appearing for both streams must pay INR 700 as the Application Form Fee.
  • The Application Form fee must be paid online through AP state/TS state/Credit/Debit card.

AP EAMCET 2018 Admit Card

AP EAMCET 2018 Admit Card:

  • Candidates must carry the AP EAMCET admit card to the exam centre, failing which they will not be allowed to write the exam.
  • Discrepancies if any in the admit card must be reported to the concerned authority.
  • A recent coloured passport size photo must be pasted on the admit card and it should be handed over to the invigilator which will be checked at the exam centre.
  • The AP EAMCET admit card will contain details like name and address of the candidate, category, photo and signature of the candidate, date and time of exam and venue of exam.
  • The AP EAMCET admit card must be downloaded from the official website by clicking on the admit card link.
  • The required details must be filled in and the admit card will appear on the screen which must be printed.
  • The admit card must not be tampered with, as it will lead to disqualification of the candidate.
  • Candidates must fulfil the eligibility criteria in order to get the admit card.

AP EAMCET 2018 Exam Pattern

AP EAMCET 2018 Exam Pattern:

  • The AP EAMCET exam consists of 2 papers.
  • Paper 1 consists of 3 parts i.e: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
  • Physics and Chemistry will consist of 40 questions each and Mathematics will consist of 80 questions.
  • Paper 2 consists of 4 parts i.e: Botany, Zoology, Physics, and Chemistry.
  • ]Each part consists of 40 questions.
  • The exam is MCQ based and every correct answer will fetch the candidate 1 mark.
  • There is no negative marking for wrong answers.
  • The question paper will be available in 2 languages. i.e: Telugu and English.

AP EAMCET 2018 Syllabus

AP EAMCET 2018 Syllabus:

  • The Syllabus to AP EAMCET is basically your 12th standard portion.
  • Chemistry: Stoichiometry, Solutions, Electro Chemistry etc.
  • Physics: Gravitation, Physics world, Elasticity etc.
  • Mathematics: Algebra, Probability, Calculus etc.
  • 12th standard university textbooks cover all the topic in AP EAMCET 2018 syllabus.
  • Reference book for AP EAMCET covers some of the major topics of the syllabus.

AP EAMCET 2018 Results

AP EAMCET 2018 Results:

  • The AP EAMCET 2018 results will be out in the last week of May or first week of June.
  • Candidates must check the Official Website of AP EAMCET 2018.
  • The AP EAMCET 2018 Admit Card number must be entered and the results will appear on the screen.
  • Students must download the admit card for the admission process.
  • Candidate's rank is calculated based on AP EAMCET 2018 score and 12th marks or equivalent Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics score on a 75% and 25% weight age basis.
  • AP EAMCET 2018 cutoff score is calculated based on the number of candidates that have a given the examination, difficulty level, previous year cut-off and a few more.

AP EAMCET 2018 Counselling

AP EAMCET 2018 Counselling:

  • Students who qualify the AP EAMCET 2018 exam will be eligible for counselling.
  • Candidates must register for document verification through the AP EAMCET helpline.
  • The details in the registration form must be verified. Students must select the course and college and arrange it in the order of preference.
  • They will be notified about seat allotment and other information like fees, reporting at college etc.
  • Students must carry all their important documents for the Counselling Process.
  • Documents like their rank card, admit card, income certificate etc must be produced during the AP EAMCET counselling process.

Discussion Forum View all 229 Questions

I have lost my registration number to AP EAMCET. What do I do?

Asked By: SAYINA SAI HARSHITHA,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

I advise you to check your E-mail for the registration confirmation link sent to you by AP EAMCET.

This mail will hold all the Information you need for AP EAMCET.

Else, you must get in touch with the Board to resolve the issue regarding your AP EAMCET Registration No.

Read full answer

I need to make a few corrections to the AP EAMCET Application Form. On my Category field I've put up OBC instead of General. What do I do?

Asked By: Challa Anusha,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

No corrections will be allowed to be made on the AP EAMCET Application Form.

The candidates will be provided with a window to verify all the details entered on your AP EAMCET Application Form before the final submission.

No further correction requests will be entertained by the AP EAMCET Board.

Candidates can enter a fresh Application Form request to AP EAMCET as per their desire.

Read full answer

I have already paid the Application Form Fees for AP EAMCET. But I have to apply AP ECET. What will I do? Is it possible for me to get a Refund for my AP EAMCET Application Form Fees?

Asked By: Eshwar,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

I'm really sorry to inform you this, but AP EAMCET Board will not be providing any refunds to the Application Form Fees already paid and processed.

If you wish to apply to AP ECET, we suggest you give in a fresh Application Form by paying a separate AP ICET Application Form Fees.

Read full answer

What about the Medical Section to AP EAMCET? I was hoping to attempt for MBBS this year, but they've given the permission to NEET apparently and NEET has introduced new rules and the Board themselves seem to be confused. So, what do I do?

Asked By: Venkatesh Naidu,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

Unfortunately, NEET has replaced all other Medical Entrance Exams in India and there will be no provision for getting an admission in MBBS through AP EAMCET anymore.

So, all candidates are advised to enlist themselves to NEET for a chance at the Medical Institutes all across India.

Read full answer

Which are the institutes which accept admissions on the basis of the scores to AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Yathi Suresh,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

The following are the institutes that take part in admission processes through AP EAMCET.

Candidates can avail an opportunity to enrol themselves in the following institutes through the Counselling session for AP EAMCET.

Si. No.

Name of Participating Institutes

1

JNTU College of Engineering

2

University College of Engineering Osmania University

3

AU College of Engineering

4

Sri Venkateswara University College of Engineering

5

Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Sciences

6

Vasavi Colleges of Technology

7

Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology

8

Koneru Lakshmaiah University- College of Engineering

9

JNTUH College of Engineering

10

Andhra University

11

Chalapathi Institute of Technology

12

Eswar College of Engineering

13

Chebrolu Engineering College

14

Vignan’s Lara Institute of Technology and Science

Read full answer

Can you tell me the reference books for Physics for AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Dilip Gambir,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

1. AP EAMCET Physics (Andhra & Telangana) Chapter-wise 25 Years’ Solutions and 5 Mock Tests by Arihant Experts

2. H. C. Verma for Physics

3. EAMCET Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry Test Papers by Vikram Editorial

Read full answer

Can you provide me with the mathematics reference books for AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Shaurya Reddy,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

1. Key to EAMCET Mathematics: by V. Venkateshwara Rao

2. S. Chand for Mathematics

Read full answer

What certificates should minority students provide for AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Vijay Kemanth,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

Minority candidates applying for AP EAMCET will have to provide SSC TC containing proof of minority status/certificate from headmaster.

Read full answer

What documents are the sports quota candidates supposed to submit?

Asked By: Lenoy Shah,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • PH certificate
  • CAP certificate
  • Original NCC and Sports certificates
Read full answer

What are the documents required for counselling in AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Hamesha Verma,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • Application form
  • Admit card
  • Rank card 
  • SSC or equivalent marks certificate
  • Residence certificate
  • Income certificate
  • Aadhar Card
Read full answer

What is the procedure for counselling for AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Iliyana Feroz,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • Students will have to register for document verification through help lines.
  • Students are required to verify details printed on the registration form such as area, sex, age, minority, caste and other such details.
  • Students are required to select courses and colleges and arrange them in order of priority.
  • Students must generate the password through the provided URL.
  • Allotments will be processed and put on the official website. A student must acquire this using the student login section.
  • Students will be notified about the allotment of seats and further information such as payment of fees and date of reporting at the college.
Read full answer

QResults announcement

Where will the results be announced for AP EAMCET 2017?

Asked By: Kabir Sultan,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • The AP EAMCET 2017 Result is to be announced during the first week of June 2017.
  • Students must check for their AP EAMCET 2017 exam result in the rank sheet on the official web page.
  • Students who have appeared for AP EAMCET 2017 can download their results from the official web page, the announcement of results will be followed by the counselling session.
Read full answer

QResults AP EAMCET 2017

Can you please tell me the viewing procedure of the results of AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Nadeem Mohamad,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

1. You should navigate to the Official Website for AP EAMCET 2017 examination

2. You should navigate to the Results section of the website

3. Enter your AP EAMCET 2017 exam admit card number

4. Check the Results

Read full answer

QMathematics syllabus

What are the syllabi for Mathematics subject in AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Eshan Sharma,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • Number System

  • Algebra

  • Trigonometry

  • Vector Algebra

  • Probability

  • Co-ordinate Geometry

  • Calculus

Read full answer

QPhysics syllabus

What are the lessons for Physics subject we have to prepare for in AP EAMCET 2017?

Asked By: Isha Roy,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • Physics world

  • Units and measurement

  • Elements of Vectors

  • Kinematics & Dynamics

  • Collisions & Friction

  • Center of Mass (CM)

  • Gravitation

  • Elasticity

  • Fluid Mechanics

Read full answer

QChemistry syllabus

What is the syllabus for Chemistry subject in AP EAMCET 2017?

Asked By: Gagan Kumar,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Classification of elements

  • Periodicity in properties

  • Stoichiometry

  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Solutions

  • Electro Chemistry.

Read full answer

What is the division of marks for Agriculture and Medicine for AP EAMCET?

Asked By: Quaseem Kahn,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

The division of marks for Agriculture and Medicine in AP EAMCET 2017 are as follows:

1. The first subject is Botany for which a total number of questions is 40 for 40 marks.

2. The second subject is Zoology for a total of 40 questions for 40 marks.

3. The third subject is Physics for a total of 40 questions for 40 marks.

4. The fourth subject is Chemistry for a total of 40 questions for 40 marks.

5. Total division of marks is a total of 160 marks.

Read full answer

QPCM details in AP EAMCET

What are the PCM details in AP EAMCET 2017?

Asked By: Kalichanda Ponappa,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

1. The Physics question paper will contain a total of 40 questions for a total of 40 marks.

2. The Chemistry question paper will contain a total of 40 questions for a total of 40 marks.

3. The Mathematics question paper will contain a total of 40 questions for a total of 40 marks.

4. The total of all these papers is for 160 marks.

Read full answer

Can I please know the question paper details regarding AP EAMCET 2017?

Asked By: Prashant Kumar,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise
  • There are two types of question papers
  • Paper-I is for Engineering and Paper-II Agriculture and Medical Streams
  • The question paper format will be Multiple Choice (MCQ's) based questions
  • Language mode of question paper is Telugu and English
  • There is no negative marking involved in the paper
  • Engineering examination, there are total 160 questions divided into three parts of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
  • Agriculture and Medical examination, there are total 160 questions divided into four parts of Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology
Read full answer

What are the exam centres for writing AP EAMCET in Telangana?

Asked By: Isham Shah,
A Answer By: GetmyuniEnterprise

The following cities are the exam centres present in Telangana:

Nellore

Ongole

Produttor

Srikakulam

Tirupathi

Vijaywada

Vishakapatanam

Vizianagaram

Rajamahendravaramu

Read full answer

1